Christiaan Neethling Barnard performed the world's first human-to-human heart transplant operation on 3 December 1967;operation lasted approximately five hours.Louis Washkansky, a 54-year-old grocer who was suffering from diabetes and incurable heart disease was the patient.
Barnard retired as Head of the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery in Cape Town in 1983 after developing rheumatoid arthritis in his hands which which forced him to end his surgical career. He had struggled with arthritis since 1956, when it was diagnosed during his postgraduate work in the United States.
Rheumatoid arthritis has a worldwide distribution with an estimated prevalence of 1 to 2%. Prevalence increases with age, approaching 5% in women over age 55.
Factors that determine Rheumatoid arthritis prognosis:
Some of the factors that can affect the rheumatoid arthritis prognosis in patients include:
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