Is it possible for me to stay healthy even if I am overweight? New study showed physical activity is more important than weight for people living with severe obesity.
Obesity and overweight can lead to an increased risk of developing non-communicable diseases such as coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus , hypertension, stroke, and cancers of the breast, endometrium, and colon.
Researchers conducted the study to find the association between fitness and metabolic risk factors in a population with mild to severe obesity. The study cohort included 853 patients with obesity who attended the Wharton Medical Clinic. 41% of participants with mild obesity were fit whereas only 25% and 11% of the participants with moderate and severe obesity were fit respectively.
Study showed fit individuals with severe obesity, were less likely to high blood pressure, glucose, and triglycerides than who were unfit. This metabolic improvement can be attributed to increased rate of glucose uptake in skeletal muscle and improved lipid metabolism through increases in lipoprotein lipase in both skeletal muscle and adipose tissue due to physical activity.
According to Kuk, study author, “Obesity is only related with worse health in individuals who were unfit”.
Study is published in BMC Obesity.
Image source: nutrition.org